Episode 154 – The Story of Thanksgiving
Welcome to our wonderful Becoming Your Best podcast listeners wherever you may be in the world today. At this special time of year, we would love to express our gratitude and thanksgiving for you.
We are inspired by the heart penetrating quote by Margaret Mead: “Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world; Indeed, it’s the only thing that ever has.”
This has never been truer today, than in any time in the world’s history. This change in the world can be quiet, small and subtle good and worthy acts and the world is never the same again. Those small, quiet, and subtle good acts can grow to have an impact far beyond what one could have ever imagined.
An example of that are the simple, quiet and enduring acts of the Pilgrims and Pioneers of the world. Often, these were individuals that struggled for survival. One foot in front of the other. Wondering if they would even “make it”. By their thoughtful, committed passion for an idea and cause, they moved forward. Working to do what seemed right and good. Today we are the beneficiaries of these actions.
Recently I saw a moving account of the early pilgrims who arrived on the Mayflower in the new world on the “History Channel”. I would like to share parts of that account today.
It begins with a background of Thanksgiving by sharing that Thanksgiving Day is a national holiday in the United States, and Thanksgiving occurs on the 4th Thursday of each November. Where did this tradition come from? The best we can tell this is the background:
In 1621, the Plymouth colonists and Wampanoag Indians shared an autumn harvest feast that is acknowledged today as one of the first Thanksgiving celebrations in the colonies. For more than two centuries, days of thanksgiving were celebrated by individual colonies and states. It wasn’t until 1863, in the midst of the Civil War, that President Abraham Lincoln proclaimed a national Thanksgiving Day to be held each November.
Thanksgiving at Plymouth
In September 1620, a small ship called the Mayflower left Plymouth, England, carrying 102 passengers-an assortment of religious separatists seeking a new home where they could freely practice their faith and other individuals lured by the promise of prosperity and land ownership in the New World. After a treacherous and uncomfortable crossing that lasted 66 days, they dropped anchor near the tip of Cape Cod, far north of their intended destination at the mouth of the Hudson River. One month later, the Mayflower crossed Massachusetts Bay, where the Pilgrims, as they are now commonly known, began the work of establishing a village at Plymouth.
Did you know? Lobster, seal and swans were on the Pilgrims’ menu.
Throughout that first brutal winter, most of the colonists remained on board the ship, where they suffered from exposure, scurvy and outbreaks of contagious disease. Only half of the Mayflower’s original passengers and crew lived to see their first New England spring. In March, the remaining settlers moved ashore, where they received an astonishing visit from an Abenaki Indian who greeted them in English. Several days later, he returned with another Native American, Squanto, a member of the Pawtuxet tribe who had been kidnapped by an English sea captain and sold into slavery before escaping to London and returning to his homeland on an exploratory expedition. Squanto taught the Pilgrims, weakened by malnutrition and illness, how to cultivate corn, extract sap from maple trees, catch fish in the rivers and avoid poisonous plants. He also helped the settlers forge an alliance with the Wampanoag, a local tribe, which would endure for more than 50 years and tragically remains one of the sole examples of harmony between European colonists and Native Americans.
In November 1621, after the Pilgrims’ first corn harvest proved successful, Governor William Bradford organized a celebratory feast and invited a group of the fledgling colony’s Native American allies, including the Wampanoag chief Massasoit. Now remembered as American’s “first Thanksgiving”-although the Pilgrims themselves may not have used the term at the time-the festival lasted for three days. While no record exists of the historic banquet’s exact menu, the Pilgrim chronicler Edward Winslow wrote in his journal that Governor Bradford sent four men on a “fowling” mission in preparation for the event, and that the Wampanoag guests arrived bearing five deer. Historians have suggested that many of the dishes were likely prepared using traditional Native American spices and cooking methods. Because the Pilgrims had no oven and the Mayflower’s sugar supply had dwindled by the fall of 1621, the meal did not feature pies, cakes or other desserts, which have become a hallmark of contemporary celebrations.
Thanksgiving Becomes an Official Holiday
Pilgrims held their second Thanksgiving celebration in 1623 to mark the end of a long drought that had threatened the year’s harvest and prompted Governor Bradford to call for a religious fast. Days of fasting and thanksgiving on an annual or occasional basis became common practice in other New England settlements as well. During the American Revolution, the Continental Congress designated one or more days of thanksgiving a year, and in 1789 George Washington issued the first Thanksgiving proclamation by the national government of the United States; in it, he called upon Americans to express their gratitude for the happy conclusion to the country’s war of independence and the successful ratification of the U.S. Constitution. His successors John Adams and James Madison also designated days of thanks during their presidencies.
In 1817, New York became the first of several states to officially adopt an annual Thanksgiving holiday; each celebrated it on a different day, however, and the American South remained largely unfamiliar with the tradition. In 1827, the noted magazine editor and prolific writer Sarah Josepha Hale-author, among countless other things, of the nursery rhyme “Mary Had a Little Lamb”-launched a campaign to establish Thanksgiving as a national holiday. For 36 years, she published numerous editorials and sent scores of letters to governors, senators, presidents and other politicians. Abraham Lincoln finally heeded her request in 1863, at the height of the Civil War, in a proclamation entreating all Americans to ask God to “commend to his tender care all those who have become widows, orphans, mourners or sufferers in the lamentable civil strife” and to “heal the wounds of the nation.” He scheduled Thanksgiving for the final Thursday in November, and it was celebrated on that day every year until 1939, when Franklin D. Roosevelt moved the holiday up a week in an attempt to spur retail sales during the Great Depression. Roosevelt’s plan, known derisively as Franksgiving, was met with passionate opposition, and in 1941 the president reluctantly signed a bill making Thanksgiving the fourth Thursday in November.
It is likely that the Pilgrims were not the first to begin this tradition as many throughout the world thought to pause and give thanks.
Historians have recorded other ceremonies of thanks among European settlers in North America that predate the Pilgrims’ celebration. In 1565, for instance, the Spanish explorer Pedro Menéndez de Avilé invited members of the local Timucua tribe to a dinner in St. Augustine, Florida, after holding a mass to thank God for his crew’s safe arrival. On December 4, 1619, when 38 British settlers reached a site known as Berkeley Hundred on the banks of Virginia’s James River, they read a proclamation designating the date as “a day of thanksgiving to Almighty God.”
Thanksgiving’s Ancient Origins
Although the American concept of Thanksgiving developed in the colonies of New England, its roots can be traced back to the other side of the Atlantic. Both the Separatists who came over on the Mayflower and the Puritans who arrived soon after brought with them a tradition of providential holidays-days of fasting during difficult or pivotal moments and days of feasting and celebration to thank God in times of plenty.
As an annual celebration of the harvest and its bounty, moreover, Thanksgiving falls under a category of festivals that spans cultures, continents and millennia. In ancient times, the Egyptians, Greeks and Romans feasted and paid tribute to their gods after the fall harvest. Thanksgiving also bears a resemblance to the ancient Jewish harvest festival of Sukkot. Finally, historians have noted that Native Americans had a rich tradition of commemorating the fall harvest with feasting and merrymaking long before Europeans set foot on their shores.
I am grateful for those few thoughtful, committed citizens who thoughts to pause and give thanks, including my 9th grandfather, Governor Bradford, who continues to inspire me for so many good reasons.
How can you and I give thanks today? How can the spirit of thanksgiving be meaningful in our lives every day?
May I suggest three actions we can take that are thoughtful, that can change the world. At least, our world!
1. Always carry a spirit of humble gratitude and thanksgiving!
What things that you are grateful for? Here are a few that I am grateful for:
My creator and maker; air; health; family and friends; whatever success I have experienced; a warm home, food, security, the beauty of the earth, adversity, and I am grateful for you.
Every morning take a moment to pause and count your blessings!
2. Look for the good in other people.
Granted, good may be harder to find in some people more than others! However, look for the good in all people. Be patient! Try to bring out the good in all people that you encounter. Set a goal to make at least 3 compliments per day of things that you see in other people.
3. Regardless of what happens in your life, say: What a blessing!
And then think of a reason why it is so! This attitude will put you in a better place to handle all adversity and situations and to end up in a better place, with a better attitude.
May these three things, these three habits, be a focus that will bless you and others throughout your life. These are the thoughtful, committed actions that change a world. At least your world and those around you.
During this wonderful time of year, may you especially enjoy the spirit of Thanksgiving, while at the same time be committed to carry this spirit 365 days a year throughout life.
Happy Thanksgiving, now and forever. This is Steve Shallenberger, your host wishing you a Becoming Your Best day!